For Parents and Professionals

It can be difficult finding up-to-date accurate information on  how to best help children with communication difficulties associated with a syndrome or condition. To help you, our graduate students in the Master of Science program have developed and curated handouts on different conditions or syndromes that may affect language and communication skills in the birth through 5 population. These informational handouts can be used as educational materials and references for parents and other professionals in the community.

The definitions of the 3 main categories of conditions or syndromes are as follows:

  • Congenital/developmental - congenital/developmental conditions occur prenatally, at birth, or within the first years of life. These conditions result in the interruption of typical childhood development and do not have a known cause.
  • Acquired/environmental - acquired/environmental conditions result from factors originating outside of the child’s body that change the course of his/her development. These factors may be within the womb or in the child’s surrounding environment.
  • Genetic - genetic conditions are caused by changes in a child’s DNA. These changes occur before birth and typically affect the child through the course of his/her development.
Congenital/Developmental Acquired/Environmental Genetic Conditions
Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum Abuse
Childhood Aphasia Angelman Syndrome
CHARGE Syndrome
Hydrocephalus Drug Exposure Down Syndrome
Hyperlexia Fragile X Syndrome
Landau-Kleffner Syndrome Foix-Chavany-Marie Syndrome Hunter Syndrome
Lead Poisoning Klinefelter Syndrome
Neglect Noonan Syndrome
Selective Mutism Prader-Willi Syndrome
Undernutrition Rett Syndrome
Vision Impairment Usher Syndrome
Williams Syndrome